Montessori Geography and culture

With the geography materials, the child is given the facts of his physical world – that it is a sphere, that this sphere is composed of land masses and bodies of water, that these have different forms and that these forms have names. Then the facts that the land masses are called continents, and that the bodies of water are called oceans. And again, that the oceans and continents have names.

Land and Water Forms

Land Form cards help the child to begin to see the difference between land and water on the earth. Then the land and water trays are filled with water to illustrate the different forms that land and water take. This is followed up outdoors in the sand box with a real demonstration building their own forms and naming them.

The Globes For Montessori Geography

With the sandpaper globe the child learns about the land and water forms with his senses feeling the land as rough and the water as smooth. The colored globe leads to the puzzle maps and learning about the continents then countries of the world.

Puzzle Maps

Using these beautifully crafted puzzles the children begin to identify the continents, and then the countries of the world.


The teachers utilize celebrations, costumes, flags, coins and other artifacts to demonstrate different cultures of the world.


Children have many opportunities to express their artistic nature without judgment.
One of our kindergarteners had her art work displayed at the SD Art Museum.


The Montessori method offers a unique, immersive approach to geography and culture, turning learning into an exciting journey of exploration. This adventure starts with understanding the basic forms of our world and culminates in a profound appreciation of the diverse cultures that populate our planet.

From touching the rough landforms on the sandpaper globe to piecing together countries in puzzle maps, each child is a budding explorer, connecting with the world in a truly tactile, meaningful way.

With celebrations, artifacts, and art, our students not only learn about different cultures but also express their unique interpretations and understandings. They develop a deep respect for the beauty and diversity of our global community, forming a foundation for empathy and open-mindedness that will serve them well in the future.

As they build, name, and feel their way through Montessori geography, they are doing much more than just learning about the world—they are preparing to contribute positively to it.

This approach to teaching geography and culture embodies the very essence of Montessori education: respect for the child, an emphasis on sensory learning, and the cultivation of an environment in which every child can flourish. Through Montessori geography, we're not just teaching children about the world; we're guiding them on their journey to becoming thoughtful, curious, and compassionate global citizens.