Geography & Culture

Montessori Lessons

This page offers information about some of the materials used in the Montessori classroom and the activities in which your child will be involved. Young children classify the input to their senses from the world around them every minute of the day. The Montessori Materials help them to gain a deeper understanding of these impressions. By manipulating the materials a child gains a deeper insight into the nature of the lesson. Be sure to click on the topic buttons below to see samples of the learning materials.

Maria Montessori calls these materials “Materialized Abstractions.”


With the geography materials, the child is given the facts of his physical world – that it is a sphere, that this sphere is composed of land masses and bodies of water, that these have different forms and that these forms have names. Then the facts that the land masses are called continents, and that the bodies of water are called oceans. And again, that the oceans and continents have names.

Land and Water Forms

Land Form cards help the child to begin to see the difference between land and water on the earth. Then the land and water trays are filled with water to illustrate the different forms that land and water take. This is followed up outdoors in the sand box with a real demonstration building their own forms and naming them.

The Globes

With the sandpaper globe the child learns about the land and water forms with his senses feeling the land as rough and the water as smoothe. The colored globe leads to the puzzle maps and learning about the continents then countries of the world.

Puzzle Maps

Using these beautifully crafted puzzles the children begin to identify the continents, and then the countries of the world.


The teachers utilize celebrations, costumes, flags, coins and other artifacts to demonstrate different cultures of the world.


Children have many opportunities to express their artistic nature without judgment.
One of our kindergarteners had her art work displayed at the SD Art Museum.